People are accustomed to a variety of diets around the world, including vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, lacto-ovo vegetarian, vegan, pescatarian, and many others. Plant-based diets are linked to a lower incidence of obesity, cardiovascular illnesses, and other health problems, according to numerous research.

In order to comprehend how particular diets cause gut dysbiosis, which has a detrimental effect on illness progression, researchers have analyzed the literature.Foods that are derived from plants are a common component of a vegetarian or plant-based diet. People who follow a semi-vegetarian diet typically eat plant-based meals with only a limited amount of dairy, meat, and seafood. Pescatarians are people who only eat fish and other seafood, never any meat or fowl.

Eggs and dairy are consumed by lacto-ovo vegetarians, who refrain from eating meat, fish, and poultryseafood and poultry. Vegans don’t eat any foods made from animals.Due to the accompanying environmental and health benefits, plant-based diets are becoming more and more popular. Vegetarianism is practiced by about 1.5 billion people globally, with Asians having the highest prevalence. Due to their adherence to religions like Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism, about 40% of Indians are vegetarians.

The number of people consuming a plant-based diet has also increased due to increased awareness of animal rights and cruelty associated with the manufacturing of animal-based food. Food allergies, maintaining a healthy weight, mental health, and family influences are a few more factors that have improved vegetarian diet adherence.

Additionally, plant-based diets greatly reduce global carbon emissions, especially by eliminating emissions related to raising livestock and other animals. This diet lowers the chance of getting a variety of diseases.